Menopause treatment options and tips

If you are struggling with menopause symptoms and finding they are impacting on your quality of life there are a few things you can try, including non-medical approaches and medical treatment (both hormonal and non-hormonal).

Non-medical approaches

Some people find that the following activities or alternative therapies can help them better manage menopause symptoms. A couple of caveats – not all have been proven to be effective in randomised controlled trials (the ‘gold standard’ of clinical research). They also can be out of reach financially for many women. 

Therapies that have been shown in high quality clinical research to be effective are:

  • Clinical hypnosis 
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy – either in person, in a group or online 

Activities not backed by clinical research but which many people find helpful are: 

  • Acupuncture 
  • Yoga 
Illustration in menopause treatment options and tips

Other lifestyle changes you may like to try (again, based on women’s lived experience rather than clinical trials), which could help in easing your symptoms are listed below. Even if they don’t help with your menopause symptoms, some will have other benefits for your health and wellbeing. 

Changing what you eat and drink: 

  • Some women report that certain foods and drinks trigger hot flushes. If you identify such triggers, try avoiding those foods or drinks. 

Adapting your environment: 

  • Managing your environment can help you to keep yourself cool. This could be wearing lighter and looser fitting clothing, drinking cold drinks, using a fan, adjusting the temperature of your bedroom at night, or keeping a window open. 

Physical activity:

  • Some women find physical activity helps with menopause symptoms – and of course it has many other health benefits. 


  • Sleep disturbances, often related to night sweats, can be a particularly challenging symptom of menopause. Putting in place routines around sleep might help. For example, relaxation techniques before bed, going to sleep and waking at the same time each day, ensuring your room is dark and cool, and avoiding naps during the day. 

Stopping smoking before menopause: 

  • Evidence has shown that women who smoke cigarettes are more likely to have hot flushes, have more of them, and to have more severe hot flushes during menopause.
  • While stopping smoking during menopause has not been found to help with symptoms, it is very beneficial for your health.

Medical treatment options for menopause

Medical treatment options available for women who are troubled by hot flushes and night sweats (also known as vasomotor symptoms) include Menopausal Hormone Therapy and non-hormonal treatment.  

Menopausal Hormone Therapy is most effective in reducing the number and severity of hot flushes and improves vaginal dryness. 

Several non-hormonal options that have been shown to be moderately effective in managing symptoms are also available. These include: 

  • Clonidine 
  • Certain anti-depressants 
  • Gabapentin 
  • Oxybutynin
To learn more about menopausal hormone therapy, you can watch this video in English with Cantonese subtitles by the International Menopause Society.

When considering treatment options for menopause, speak to a doctor. The Australasian Menopause Society website has a list of doctors with specialist expertise in this area (as well as a Consumer Information section about all aspects of menopause). 


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